Österreichisches VolksLiedWerk
Volksmusikland Österreich

In the first half of the 19th century, a new dance appeared in the manuscripts of rural musicians: the Polka Mazur(ka). In general, a Mazurka is a ¾ time dance without a dotted eight on the first beat.
The national dance of Poland (named for the area of lakes in the north east of Poland, Masuria) was introduced into urban society in a stylised form around 1800 by the dance masters. When the Mazurka was introduced into the Alpen countries' folk music tradition, it was mixed with elements of the Laendler to produce a variety of dancing styles: Masolka, Flohbeutler, Knödldrahner, Veitscher Ochsengalopp, Krauteintreter and many others. Two widespread variants on the Mazurka are the Warschauer (Warsaw) and Scots (Tyrolienne).