Österreichisches VolksLiedWerk
Volksmusikland Österreich
Polka

The Polka is a typically eight or sixteen beat style of dancing in 2/4 time. The Bohemian word Polka probably originates from "Pulka" and means half, half step, step change. The term replaced other regional terms for two-step rotating styles of dancing such as "Hopser" (Hopper), "Hupfer" (Jumper) or "Dreher" (Twister) in the second half of the 19th century. Full of syncopation and using a slower marching tempo "Bohemian Polkas" still reveal their origins today.
Besides the Waltz, the Polka is one of the most popular dances in Europe. It became widespread due to the works of ingenious dancing composers. Johann Strauß the younger introduced fast Polkas or gallops into the Viennese salons.
Two basic styles - fast Polka and Polka française - define the character and tempo of the dance. Since the middle of the 19th century, regionally different dancing styles and versions differing in tempo have established themselves such as the "Bairisch Polka" (Bavarian), the Franzé, the Tramplan, or the "Zepperl Polka". Typologically, styles with a different choreography such as the Rhinelander and Scots are also members of the Polka family.

States:
Forms:
Ages:
States:
Forms:
Ages: